From the Populace Overall health Research Institute (P.J.D., M.M., D.C., F.K.B., S.N.O., M.K.W., A.L., R.P.W., M.H.M., J.V., J.E., I.C., K. Balasubramanian, S.I.B., D. Stillo, T.C., P.S.R., E.P.B.-C., J.S., W.M., S.Y.), the Departments of Health Exploration Procedures, Evidence, and Effects (P.J.D., M.M., D.C., F.K.B., S.N.O., M.K.W., A.X.G., S.I.B., J.S., G.G.), Medication (P.J.D., M.M., D.C., F.K.B., M.K.W., A.P., V.T., J.E., P.L.G., E.P.B.-C., W.M., G.G., S.Y.), Medical procedures (A.L., R.P.W.), and Anesthesia (J.S., T.V.) and the Faculty of Nursing (M.H.M.), McMaster University, Hamilton, the Departments of Medicine (A.X.G., P.S.R.) and Epidemiology and Biostatistics (A.X.G.), Western College, London, and the Section of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medication, Queen’s College and Kingston Wellness Sciences Centre, Kingston (J.L.P.), ON, the Department of Medicine, Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal (E.D.), and the Division of Drugs, Jewish Common Clinic, McGill College (T.C.), Montreal, and the Office of Medication, College of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon (M.P.) — all in Canada the Willpower of Acute Treatment Medication, University of Adelaide (T.W.P.), and the Division of Anaesthesia, Royal Adelaide Medical center (T.W.P.), Adelaide, SA, and the Division of Anaesthesia and Perioperative Drugs, Monash University (T.R.), and the Office of Significant Care Drugs, Melbourne Medical University, College of Melbourne (K.L.), Melbourne, VIC — all in Australia the Department of Anesthesiology and Intense Treatment, E. Meshalkin Nationwide Medical Investigation Center (V.L.), and the Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Treatment (V.L.) and the Office of Anesthesiology, V. Zelman Institute of Medication and Psychology (S.V.A.), Novosibirsk Point out College, Novosibirsk, Saint Petersburg Condition University Hospital, Saint Petersburg (S.E.), and V. Negovsky Reanimatology Analysis Institute, Anesthesia and Intensive Treatment Office, Very first Moscow State Medical College (Sechenov College), Moscow (V.V.L.) — all in Russia the Departments of Outcomes Investigate (D.I.S., K.R., A.T.) and Common Anesthesia (K.R., A.T.) and the Anesthesiology Institute (D.I.S., K.R., A.T.), Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, China (M.T.V.C., W.K.K.W.) Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre, General public Well being and Medical Epidemiology Support, Institut d’Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Pink de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (M.J.M.-Z.), the Office of Anesthesiology and Intensive Treatment, Healthcare facility Vall d’Hebron, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (M.N.), and the Anesthesiology Office, Santa Creu i Sant Pau College Hospital (P.P.), Barcelona, and the Trauma and Orthopedic Surgical procedure Section, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid, Valladolid (H.J.A.) — all in Spain the Office of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medication, College of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (C.-Y.W.) St. John’s Medical University, Bangalore (D.X., M.R.), and the Division of Gastrointestinal Surgical procedure, Surat Institute of Digestive Sciences Medical center and Research Centre, Surat (K. Bhatt) — both in India the Section of Anesthesiology and Intense Care, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita Salute San Raffaele University, Milan (G.L.) the Section of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgical treatment, Deventer Ziekenhuis, Deventer, the Netherlands (Y.V.K.) Jagiellonian College Health care School, Centre for Intensive Care and Perioperative Medication, Krakow, Poland (W.S.) Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Brugmann, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels (D. Schmartz) the Department of Anesthesia, Auckland City Medical center, and the School of Well being Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand (T.G.S.) the Department of Anesthesiology and Intense Care Medicine, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany (M.W.) the Office of Anesthesia and Intensive Treatment, Copenhagen University Hospital–Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg, and the Department of Scientific Medication, College of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (C.S.M.) Shifa International Clinic, Islamabad, Pakistan (M.A.) Departamento de Epidemiología y Estudios en Salud, Universidad de Los Andes, and Servicio de Anestesiología, Clínica Santa María, Santiago, Chile (D.T.) the Division of Anesthesia, Typical Intense Care Medication and Soreness Drugs, Healthcare College of Vienna, Vienna (E.F.) Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Clinic de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Nationwide Institute for Wellbeing Technological innovation Evaluation, and Clinic Moinhos de Vento, Porto Alegre, Brazil (C.A.P.) and the Division of Anesthesia, Healthcare facility Paris Saint Joseph, College of Paris, Paris (P.A.).

Dr. Devereaux can be contacted at [email protected] or at the David Braley Investigate Institute, Hamilton Common Clinic, 237 Barton St. East, Hamilton, ON L8L 2X2, Canada.