A breastfeeding workshop, trousers for postpartum ease and comfort, consent education and learning: These are a couple of of the products and services and merchandise highlighted in adverts that Fb has rejected, according to a new report from the Centre for Intimacy Justice.

For the report, Jackie Rotman, the nonprofit organization’s founder, interviewed personnel and leaders at a lot more than 35 corporations centered on problems linked to women’s sexual health and fitness — including pelvic ache, menopause, menstruation and fertility — and surveyed dozens more. (The study was produced in partnership with Origin, a pelvic flooring physical therapy firm.)

All 60 firms had ads turned down by Facebook, and about fifty percent of them reported their accounts had been suspended at some stage, according to the report, which was launched on Tuesday. In most conditions, Fb experienced labeled the adverts as that contains “adult content” or promoting “adult products and providers.”

In its promotion guidelines, Fb states that “ads selling sexual and reproductive wellbeing items or products and services, like contraception and family members scheduling need to be targeted to people today 18 a long time or more mature and have to not target on sexual pleasure.”

On its web site, Facebook presents examples of advertisements that are not permitted (“buy our sexual intercourse toys for your adult pleasure”) and individuals that are (“new moisturizing lube to decrease vaginal dryness on a working day to day basis” and “practice secure sexual intercourse with our model of condoms”).

Continue to, Ms. Rotman uncovered numerous adverts focusing on males that had been accepted by Fb inspite of showing to split the social media platform’s policy: an advertisement for condoms that promises “pleasure” one for lubricant (“lotion made just for men’s by yourself time”) and a further for an erectile dysfunction pill that claims a “wet very hot American summertime.”

“Right now, it’s arbitrary where by they’ll say a item is or isn’t allowed in a way that we assume has actually sexist undertones and a deficiency of knowing about wellness,” Ms. Rotman mentioned. She explained that it was “a systemic problem” and additional that it is in particular detrimental to smaller enterprises.

“We welcome advertisements for sexual wellness goods but we prohibit nudity and have certain regulations about how these merchandise can be promoted on our platform,” a spokesperson for Meta, Facebook’s parent corporation, wrote in an email. “We have furnished detail to advertisers about what varieties of solutions and descriptions we allow for in ads.”

The spokesperson additional that Facebook will make errors in imposing its advertising procedures and that it has overturned a number of advert rejections that some of the providers described in the report seasoned.

Just one business that has struggled to get advertisements authorized by Facebook is Joylux, which sells menopausal wellbeing goods, together with a product that is inserted into the vagina and is applied to reinforce the pelvic ground.

“Our shopper is a Facebook client,” mentioned Colette Courtion, the chief govt of Joylux, who launched the company in 2014. “She’s a 50-12 months-outdated female. Facebook is the very best spot for her to be educated on menopause-relevant matters.” Ms. Courtion additional that Facebook is Joylux’s leading client-acquisition channel.

But, she reported, Joylux workers have long been confused by Facebook’s insurance policies and how they are utilized.

“Because of the nature of our item, the appear of it,” she mentioned, Fb and other organizations imagine it is “pornographic.”

Considering the fact that 2017, Joylux’s Fb account has been shut down twice, Ms. Courtion said. The organization did not notify her why.

Heather Dazell, the vice president of marketing and advertising at Joylux, reported she has found that “any ad likely directly to our site would be immediately denied for the reason that of the phrase ‘vagina.’”

A spokesperson for Meta stated that Facebook does not have a blanket ban on terms like “menopause” or “vagina” but considers “how just about every advert is positioned.”

Around the years, Joylux has pulled back again its tactic to Facebook adverts. But even with the adjustments Joylux has made to its duplicate and imagery, many of its ads are however rejected in the initial assessment approach. Two decades in the past, Joylux began doing the job with an agency that will help the organization attractiveness advertisement rejections. Ordinarily, right after the charm, the advertisements are approved.

But the system is time-consuming and pricey, Ms. Courtion said, and the ensuing ads are not useful to buyers. “We cannot present what the product seems like and we just cannot say what it does,” she said.

Intimate Rose, a firm in Kansas City, Mo., that sells vaginal dilators and pelvic-flooring weights and wands, has confronted similar difficulties. “We’re normally normally turned down,” reported Adrienne Fleming, the company’s electronic media supervisor.

She provided various illustrations, together with an ad with a absolutely clothed, laughing couple (“live, giggle, and really like again with pelvic health goods from Personal Rose,” its copy reads). Two other ads highlighted videos of women of all ages speaking about how Personal Rose weights have aided them with incontinence. Ms. Fleming stated all of the adverts had been rejected simply because Facebook categorized them as “adult products and solutions or companies.”

In the grownup products area of its commerce plan, Meta presents numerous examples of products that are banned: “sex toys, sexual improvement solutions, sexually oriented grownup items this kind of as pornography, or utilized or worn underwear, photos of nudity together with partial baby nudity, even if not sexual in nature.”

But the plan states that “products this sort of as lubricants or condoms, which do not target on sexual satisfaction or sexual enhancement” are authorized.

In an exchange with Fb that she shared with The New York Situations, Ms. Fleming pointed out that the company’s goods are not intended for intercourse or pleasure. In reaction, the Fb agent pointed to the commerce coverage and mentioned that the ad was correctly rejected, and that he would not be in a position to reveal any much more particulars for the reason that they could be employed to circumvent the coverage in the foreseeable future.

“It comes down to the reviewer’s judgment,” stated Aaron Wilt, a person of the founders of Intimate Rose.

Companies are not the only entities that use Facebook ads. RNW Media, a nonprofit in the Netherlands, builds on the web communities for social change — such as Love Issues, which is targeted on sexual and reproductive health and rights, and relies on Fb adverts to access its viewers.

Through a span of 6 decades, nearly 1,800 advertisements that Enjoy Issues posted to Fb ended up rejected, in accordance to a report on the sustainability of journalism and information media that was presented at the United Nations Net Governance Discussion board in 2020. Most usually, the cause was that the ads were being categorized as “adult content” or as “sex toys.”

Michael Okun Oliech, the social media director for Adore Issues Kenya, claimed Fb not too long ago rejected two advertisements he submitted for advertising an “escort assistance.” Just one of them was about consent the other was about living with H.I.V.

He explained that the appeals process requires him anyplace from a 7 days to months and that he hardly ever has the chance to communicate with “a actual human remaining.” To steer clear of rejection, Mr. Okun Oliech has started applying slang and substituting fruit emojis for phrases that explain certain system sections (a tactic that has been successful for organizations these types of as Hims, which sells Viagra).

But Charlotte Petty, a human legal rights qualified at RNW Media, is worried about the penalties of staying indirect or euphemistic. “There are approaches we can mitigate the censorship, but at 1 position, we’re compromising our individual perform,” she reported.

Facebook’s ad platform has been criticized continuously in modern many years. In 2018, a Washington Article investigation found that dozens of advertisements for L.G.B.T.Q.-linked situations, corporations and nonprofits had been blocked by the social community mainly because they ended up considered “political.” Fb, which calls for advertisers concentrating on politics or social troubles to go as a result of many more layers for advertisement approval, known as the majority of the ad rejections a slip-up.

In November, Meta mentioned it would halt advertisers from targeting persons with promotions based mostly on their engagement with information associated to well being, race and ethnicity, political affiliation, faith, and sexual orientation, among the other identifiers. The equipment have been used to discriminate from distinct groups and to spam people today.

When it arrives to the sexual wellness and wellness businesses, Ms. Rotman is hopeful that Facebook can act swiftly. “This is a fixable problem,” she stated. “It’s not as challenging as guarding democracy or elections. It is about acquiring a way to make confident that women’s wellbeing adverts aren’t getting blocked. It’s simply just a make a difference of Fb determining that this is a thing they are heading to repair.”

Ryan Mac contributed reporting.